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What if an application is selected for verification, but the household transfers out of the LEA before the information can be verified?

Verification is considered complete when a household's eligibility for the level of benefits for which it was approved is either confirmed or the household is sent a letter of change in eligibility.  If a household selected for verification transfers out of the LEA before the information can be verified, verification cannot be completed. To meet the minimum verification requirements, a new application must be selected.

How is overtime income counted for the purpose of verification?

The school official should work with the household to determine whether the overtime for the month being verified is representative of overtime received in other months.  If the overtime is a one-time or sporadic source of income, it should not be used in calculating regular income.

Am I verifying eligibility at the time of application or current eligibility?

Verification is intended to establish eligibility for any point in time between the month prior to application and the time the household is required to provide income documentation.  However, if the family income decreases making them eligible for increased benefits, then the school should verify current income.

If a household is paid weekly and submits a pay stub for a week, must I go back and ask for pay stubs for a whole month?

No.  If the weekly pay stub is representative of what the household normally receives each week, one pay stub is sufficient.

Must the LEA select the sample size to verify from each school within the LEA or from the LEA as a whole?

LEAs are required to select and verify a sample of their approved free and reduced price applications LEA wide. The LEA as a whole must meet the required sample size requirement. This does not mean that each school has to verify the required number of applications.

If my sample size is 4.2 applications, do I verify 4 or 5?

Decimals must always be rounded up to the next whole number.  Therefore, you must verify 5 applications.

Do we have to maintain the actual documentation from verification or just the results of verification?

You are required to maintain a description of your verification efforts including the selection process, the total number of applications on file as of October 1, and the number of applications that were/will be verified by November 15. For each application verified, the LEA must keep records of the source of information used to verify the application such as wage stubs or names and titles of collateral contacts. In addition, the applications selected must be readily retrievable by school, and the LEA must document correspondence between the selected households and the school.  The verification official must retain the documents, a photocopy, or annotations that indicate which documents were submitted by the household and the date of submission.  You must also keep a record of any change in eligibility as a result of verification procedures, the reason for the change, and the date the change was made. Please also see the “Recordkeeping” section of this manual and the "USDA Eligibility Manual for School Meals" for additional information on record keeping requirements.

When a notice of adverse action has been sent to a household, may I claim reimbursement for that child during the period covered by the notice?

Yes.  The household must be given 10 calendar days advance written notice that a change is being made in the child's eligibility status.  During that time, the child must continue to receive free or reduced price meal benefits and the LEA may continue to claim reimbursement for free or reduced price meals served to the child during this period.

If an LEA chooses to select more than 3 percent or the minimum number of required households to verify, and some of those households fail to respond, has the LEA completed the verification requirement as long as 3 percent or the minimum number of required households respond?

No. First, the LEA cannot select any more or any less applications than the 3% sample size determined based on the method of verification performed. Second, all households selected for verification must either respond or have benefits terminated after appropriate notification.

If an application contains three sources of income, how many should be verified?

All three sources of income must be verified.  All sources originally noted by the family at the time of application must be verified.

What if the LEA forgets to do verification?

Verification is an annual requirement.  We will contact an LEA that has not submitted the Verification Collection Report (Attachment G) by the required deadline of December 15th.  If income verification is not completed, the LEA jeopardizes its State and federal reimbursement for free and reduced meals served after November 15th.

When should an application be verified "for cause"?

If an LEA is informed, even anonymously, that an applicant may not be eligible, the LEA must follow up on the allegation using the verification process.  The LEA has an obligation to verify all questionable applications (applications that are reported to be fraudulent or suspicious). Verification that is done for cause is in addition to the sample required for either error prone/random/focused sampling.  Verification must take place after the application was approved on the face value of the application.

What information must be submitted online to the Child Nutrition Program office by December 15?

All information reported on the Verification Collection Report (Attachment G) must be reported on the on-line form on the Child Nutrition Management System (CNMS).  All other verification documentation, along with a copy of the verification worksheet, must be kept on file for three years plus the current year.  LEAs in Provision 2 must retain all verification information from the base year for three years plus the current year after the end of the cycle.

If a foster child is listed on a family’s application as a household member and that household happens to be selected for verification, does the school need anything extra for verification?

It depends on the situation.  If a household is chosen for verification and the foster child included on the application was identified by a State or local foster agency, then no additional verification is needed for the foster child. However, to verify the other children in the household, the family must provide verification documentation to confirm eligibility.

If the foster child is not identified by a State or local foster agency, then documentation verifying the foster child’s status would be required. Additionally, to verify other children in the household, the family must provide verification documentation to confirm eligibility.

What documentation must be provided for a foster child listed on a household application that is selected to be verified?

Documentation from a State or local foster care agency or the court where the foster child received placement is acceptable for verification.  Direct contact from the foster care agency or court (for example, a list of foster children sent to the LEA) is also acceptable documentation for verification.

What should I do if a family was approved for free meals based on a SNAP number but sends in a pay-stub for verification that makes them ineligible?

The LEA should first conduct direct verification to confirm the family’s eligibility for SNAP. If the LEA cannot verify eligibility through direct verification, they should contact the family to determine if they can document their SNAP eligibility for the month prior to submitting their application.  If they can document their eligibility at that time, the free benefits must continue and verification is complete. If the required SNAP documentation is not provided, the income stub must be used to determine their eligibility.

What if I receive an application for a child and then receive the child's name on a list from either the Migrant Education Program Coordinator or Homeless Liaison?

The list from the Migrant Education Program Coordinator and Homeless Liaison supersedes the application. The application should be discarded and should not be included in determining the number of applications on file. The child should not be selected for verification.

Last updated
May 29, 2019

USDA Nondiscrimination Statement

In accordance with Federal civil rights law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, the USDA, its Agencies, offices, and employees, and institutions participating in or administering USDA programs are prohibited from discriminating based on race, color, national origin, sex, disability, age, or reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity in any program or activity conducted or funded by USDA. 

Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication for program information (e.g. Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language, etc.), should contact the Agency (State or local) where they applied for benefits. Individuals who are deaf, hard of hearing or have speech disabilities may contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339.  Additionally, program information may be made available in languages other than English.

To file a program complaint of discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form, (AD-3027) found online at:, and at any USDA office, or write a letter addressed to USDA and provide in the letter all of the information requested in the form. To request a copy of the complaint form, call (866) 632-9992. Submit your completed form or letter to USDA by:

(1)     mail: U.S. Department of Agriculture
         Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
         1400 Independence Avenue, SW
         Washington, D.C. 20250-9410;

(2)     fax: (202) 690-7442; or

(3)     email:

This institution is an equal opportunity provider.


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Los demás programas de asistencia nutricional del FNS, las agencias estatales y locales, y sus beneficiarios secundarios, deben publicar el siguiente Aviso de No Discriminación:

De conformidad con la Ley Federal de Derechos Civiles y los reglamentos y políticas de derechos civiles del Departamento de Agricultura de los EE. UU. (USDA, por sus siglas en ingles), se prohíbe que el USDA, sus agencias, oficinas, empleados e instituciones que participan o administran programas del USDA discriminen sobre la base de raza, color, nacionalidad, sexo, discapacidad, edad, o en represalia o venganza por actividades previas de derechos civiles en algún programa o actividad realizados o financiados por el USDA.

Las personas con discapacidades que necesiten medios alternativos para la comunicación de la información del programa (por ejemplo, sistema Braille, letras grandes, cintas de audio, lenguaje de seas americano, etc.), deben ponerse en contacto con la agencia (estatal o local) en la que solicitaron los beneficios. Las personas sordas, con dificultades de audición o discapacidades del habla pueden comunicarse con el USDA por medio del Federal Relay Service [Servicio Federal de Retransmisión] al (800) 877-8339. Además, la información del programa se puede proporcionar en otros idiomas.

Para presentar una denuncia de discriminación, complete el Formulario de Denuncia de Discriminación del Programa del USDA, (AD-3027) que está disponible en linea en: y en cualquier oficina del USDA, o bien escriba una carta dirigida al USDA e incluya en la carta toda la información solicitada en el formulario. Para solicitar una copia del formulario de denuncia, llame al (866) 632-9992. Haga llegar su formulario lleno o carta al USDA por:

(1)     correo: U.S. Department of Agriculture
         Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
         1400 Independence Avenue, SW
         Washington, D.C. 20250-9410;

(2)     fax: (202) 690-7442; o

(3)     correo electró

Esta institución es un proveedor que ofrece igualdad de oportunidades.