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School Breakfast Program

Clarification of the Policy on Consumption of Meal Components Outside of the Foodservice Area

This memorandum is intended to clarify two issues regarding meals offered in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP). First, the memorandum clarifies the policy of the USDA Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) regarding student consumption of certain lunch or breakfast items outside of the foodservice area and meal period. Second, it clarifies the requirement to offer whole grain-rich products in the NSLP and SBP.

Meal Items Outside the Foodservice Area

Free and Reduced Price Meal Applications-Requests for Additional Information

We often receive questions from schools using electronic, scanned, and even paper applications asking if other additional information, which is not required to establish certification of eligibility for child nutrition programs (CNPs), may be requested of households when completing the application process.

The purpose of the application for free and reduced price school meals is to determine if a student’s household is eligible for school meal benefits based on income or categorical eligibility.  

Use of the Pre-payment Systems in the Child Nutrition Programs

The use of prepayment systems is growing increasingly popular.  As more and more schools are providing this service, questions have again risen as to if and when it can be used.  Consequently, I have revised the December 2005 memo on the subject to address new concerns.  The systems are marketed to appeal to parents by offering the convenience of payments for school meals through on-line use of credit cards.

Eligibility of Minors Participating in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast in Correctional Facilities with Amendment of Correction Law

The New York State Correctional Law §500-b was amended on March 31, 2014 to change the minimum age classification in local correctional facilities in order to make NYS Correction Law consistent with the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Inmates under the age of eighteen must be separately housed from those inmates eighteen years of age and older.

Child Nutrition Reauthorization 2010: Privacy Protection and the Use of Social Security Numbers in Child Nutrition

Section 301 of the The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (the Act), Public Law 111-296  amends section 9(d)(1) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(d) (1)) by removing the requirement that the adult household member who signs a household application for free and reduced-price meals also must provide his or her complete Social Security Number (SSN), as a condition of eligibility.  As amended by the Act, Section 9(d)(1)  now requires that only the last four digits of the SSN must be provided on the application.

Child Nutrition Reauthorization 2010: Revised Questions and Answers Related to the 6 Cents Certification Tool

Attached are Revised Questions and Answers related to the Food and Nutrition Service prototype 6 Cents Certification Tool.  Please note that the only revision made to the Q&As is in question 14.  USDA has received several questions about this Q&A and has added information to make a more complete answer.

Changes regarding The School Breakfast Program (SBP)

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) issued the updated Questions and Answers and Offer Versus Serve (OVS) Guidance Manual on June 14, 2013. The following provides a brief overview of the changes outlined in those documents.

At breakfast, schools must offer all three required food components in at least the minimum required amounts. The components are: grains (with the optional meats/meat alternates); juice/fruit/vegetable; and milk.


USDA Nondiscrimination Statement

In accordance with federal civil rights law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex (including gender identity and sexual orientation), disability, age, or reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity.

Program information may be made available in languages other than English. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication to obtain program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language), should contact the responsible state or local agency that administers the program or USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TTY) or contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339.

To file a program discrimination complaint, a Complainant should complete a Form AD-3027, USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form which can be obtained online at:, from any USDA office, by calling (866) 632-9992, or by writing a letter addressed to USDA. The letter must contain the complainant’s name, address, telephone number, and a written description of the alleged discriminatory action in sufficient detail to inform the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights (ASCR) about the nature and date of an alleged civil rights violation. The completed AD-3027 form or letter must be submitted to USDA by:

  1. mail:
    U.S. Department of Agriculture
    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
    1400 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, D.C. 20250-9410; or
  2. fax:
    (833) 256-1665 or (202) 690-7442; or
  3. email:

This institution is an equal opportunity provider.

Click here for Nondiscrimination Statement translations.