Skip to main content

SFAs that had an 80 percent (80%) or greater response rate in the previous school year may choose to select an alternate option for verification. (Please see the list of schools with 80% or greater response rate based on the previous school year's Income Verification.) These schools may choose to use the Error Prone Sampling Method or may choose one of the following sampling methods:

Random Sampling Method (Alternate 1)

SFAs must verify the lesser of three percent (3%) or 3,000 of the total number of approved applications on file as of October 1. The applications to be verified must be selected randomly.  The random sample should include both income applications and categorically eligible applications for children receiving SNAP/TANF/FDPIR benefits whose names do not appear on the direct certification matching list.

Focused Sampling Method (Alternate 2)

SFAs must verify the lesser of one percent (1%) or 1,000 of the total number of approved applications selected from income applications nearest the income eligibility guidelines (error prone applications); PLUS the lesser of half percent (½ %) or 500 of approved applications which reported a SNAP/TANF/FDPIR case number on an application instead of income information.


The Focused Sampling Method could be accomplished as follows:

SFA with 900 approved applications which include 600 applications that reported a SNAP/TANF/FDPIR case number

1.  Count all approved applications, including applications reporting a SNAP/TANF/FDPIR case number to determine the number required to fill the one percent of income sample size

.01 (1%) x 900 = 9

2.  Separate applications into two groups:  

  • Income Applications (non-SNAP/TANF/FDPIR)
  • Applications reporting a SNAP/TANF/FDPIR case number

3.  From the income applications (non-SNAP/TANF/FDPIR) group, select the sample of households (9) from error prone applications. If you do not have enough error prone applications, select the remainder at random from the income applications.

4.  From the applications with a SNAP/TANF/FDPIR case number, determine the number required to fill the .5 percent sample size

.005 (.5 percent) x 600 = 3

5.  Choose the applications (3) from those that reported a SNAP/TANF/FDPIR case number.

6.  Perform the confirmation review on all selected applications and continue with all steps of verification.

*Note: 12 applications were verified in this example (9 income and 3 SNAP/TANF/FDPIR)

Last updated
September 22, 2023

USDA Nondiscrimination Statement

In accordance with federal civil rights law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex (including gender identity and sexual orientation), disability, age, or reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity.

Program information may be made available in languages other than English. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication to obtain program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language), should contact the responsible state or local agency that administers the program or USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TTY) or contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339.

To file a program discrimination complaint, a Complainant should complete a Form AD-3027, USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form which can be obtained online at:, from any USDA office, by calling (866) 632-9992, or by writing a letter addressed to USDA. The letter must contain the complainant’s name, address, telephone number, and a written description of the alleged discriminatory action in sufficient detail to inform the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights (ASCR) about the nature and date of an alleged civil rights violation. The completed AD-3027 form or letter must be submitted to USDA by:

  1. mail:
    U.S. Department of Agriculture
    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
    1400 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, D.C. 20250-9410; or
  2. fax:
    (833) 256-1665 or (202) 690-7442; or
  3. email:

This institution is an equal opportunity provider.

Click here for Nondiscrimination Statement translations.